Skip to main content

An official website of the United States government

Here's how you know

Exploring coverage options for small businesses

Health Reimbursement Arrangements (HRAs) for small employers

Certain small employersโ€”generally those with less than 50 employees that donโ€™t offer a group health planโ€”can contribute to their employeesโ€™ health care costs through a Qualified Small Employer Health Reimbursement Arrangement (QSEHRA).
A QSEHRA allows small employers to provide non-taxed reimbursement of certain health care expenses, like health insurance premiums and coinsurance, to employees who maintainย 
, including anย individual Marketplace plan. In many states, QSEHRAs allow small employers to provide their employees additional plan choices without managing group health plan coverage.
Notice:
Is your small business eligible to offer a QSEHRA?
To qualify for a QSEHRA, a small employer generally must:
  • Have fewer than 50 full-time employees
  • Provide the arrangement on the same terms to all full-time employees (reimbursement amounts may only vary based on age and the number of individuals covered)
  • Not offer a group health plan, like SHOP coverage or a flexible spending account (FSA)
Note:ย A QSEHRA isnโ€™t a traditional group health plan. For small businesses interested in offering traditional group coverage,ย find out if SHOP is available in your state. Enrolling in SHOP is generally the only way to qualify for theย Small Business Health Care Tax Credit, which can save eligible employers up to 50% of their employer contribution for 2 consecutive years.

QSEHRA contributions

With a QSEHRA, small employers can decide what they'll contribute to their employeesโ€™ health care costs, up to an annual maximum that is set by the IRS. Employees pay their provider or insurance company for their health care costs, then submit proof of payment to be reimbursed by the QSEHRA. Reimbursement is tax-free. If an employee doesnโ€™t submit a claim, the employer keeps the money, though they may choose to roll it over from year to year while the employee is still employed by the business. Typically, QSEHRA amounts claimed by employees are paid monthly by their employer.
YearMaximum employee only contributionMaximum for employees & households
2019$5,150 ($429 monthly)$10,450 ($870 monthly)
2020$5,250 ($437.50 monthly)$10,600 ($883.33 monthly)
2021$5,300 ($441.67 monthly)$10,700 ($891.67 monthly)
2022$5,450 ($454.17 monthly)$11,050 ($920.83 monthly)
2023$5,850 ($487.50 monthly)$11,800 ($983.33 monthly)
ย 
Generally, the QSEHRA amount you provide to your employees will affect the amount of premium tax credit your employees are eligible for with their Marketplace coverage. If you provide the QSEHRA to employeesโ€™ dependents, then it will affect the dependents' premium tax credit eligibility, as well. They may be eligible for some or no tax credit depending on the QSEHRA amount you provide. Visit the IRS website toย find out more about QSEHRA rules.

How to start a QSEHRA

Small employers can set up a QSEHRA at any time. To provide a QSEHRA youโ€™ll need to give written notice to your new employees as soon as theyโ€™re eligible to participate and 90 days before the beginning of each plan year for current employees. This notice must ย include certain information. To learn more about what this notice must include,ย review IRS Notice 2017-67ย (PDF, 211 KB).ย Note:ย Employees must haveย 
ย to use their QSEHRA amount.
You may want to consider how your employees can get qualifying health coverage when picking a start date. For example, providing a QSEHRA starting on January 1 allows employees to choose coverage during the individual marketโ€™s annualย 
, and in most cases, plan deductibles reset on January 1 each year. If youโ€™re newly providing a QSEHRA, your employees may qualify for aย 
(SEP). Newly hired employees who gain access to the QSEHRA may also qualify for an SEP to enroll in or change individual health insurance coverage outside of Open Enrollment. To enroll in coverage through this SEP, employees can submit an application on HealthCare.gov and include information about when their HRA can start.
Get help:ย Talk to a licensed tax professional, benefits specialist, or health insurance agent/broker to find out if group coverage or QSEHRAs are right for your small business.

Exploring coverage options?

Compare QSEHRAs to other products and services that may be available to help you cover your employees.

Employees: Understanding QSEHRAs

If youโ€™re an employee who has been provided a QSEHRA by your employer,ย learn more about QSEHRAs and the Marketplace.